It is one of the four destinations that constitute the chardham,
pilgrimage for every devout Hindu. Located in the Chamoli district of
Uttarakhand in northern India, Badrinath also happens to be the most revered of
the four sacred shrines in Garhwal, the other three being Yamunotri, Gangotri
and Kedarnathji. The Himalayan town occupies a place on the banks of the River
Alaknanda and is located at an altitude of 3,133 m above sea level. The
Badrinath shrine is dedicated to Lord Vishnu, considered to be the preserver of
the universe in the Hindu mythology. The original structure of the temple was
destroyed many times due to avalanches. The structure was restored in the 19th
century by the royal houses of Scindia & Holkar. The temple complex at Badrinath
15 idols, wonderfully carved out of black stone.
Altitude: 3,133 mts
Climate: Summer: Cool during the day and cold at night.
Winter: Snow-bound touching sub-zero.
Clothing: Summer-Light woollens, Winter- Heavy woollens.
Languages: Hindi, Garhwali, English.
How to Reach
Air: Nearest Airport is Jolly Grant, around 300 kms.
Rail: NearestNearest Railway Station is Rishikesh, around 297 kms., Haridwar 317
Road: Taxi: Private taxies are also available between Haridwar and Badrinath on
hire. Bus: GMVN operates daily bus services.
Places to see in Badrinath :
The pilgrimage centre boasts of two natural hot
water springs – Tapt Kund and Surya Kund. The sulphurous
waters have a temperature of 55 oC. A bath in these
springs is believed to purify the body and soul and is
done before visiting the temple.
Panch (Five) Badris
The five Badris are five different sites in Badrinath. At all these places, Lord
Vishnu is worshipped in five different forms and under five different names. The
eternal search of the man has never come to an end and never will. As travellers
visit these Panch Badris in Badrinath, they will come to learn how Lord Vishnu,
the preserver of the universe, is glorified in five different forms.
Vishal Badri :
It is the main shrine of Lord Badrinath. Also known as Badrinathji, the
Badrinath shrine attracts around six lakhs pilgrims every year. The Badrinath
temple is located in the middle of two mountain ranges - Nar and Narayan.
Badrinath was anciently known as Badrivan, due to the abundance of wild
'berries' or badris here.
Yogdhyan Badri :
The Badri has immense importance. The Yogdhyan Badri is at an altitude of 1,920
m in Pndukeshwar. According to the Hindu mythology, it is here that the
Pandavas, after gaining victory against the Kauravas, handed over Hastinapur to
Raja Parikshit. The place Pandukeshwar, where Yogdhyan Badri is located, takes
its name from Pandu, who is beleived to have meditated at the place.
Bhawishya Badri :
At this Badri is enshrined the lion-headed idol of Narsingh. Perched at an
elevation of 2,744 m, it is located in the midst of thick forests. To reach
Bhavishya Badri, tourists and pilgrims need to get to Joshimath, the entry point
to this Badri. While pilgrims reach the place, they also pass through Tapovan,
popular with tourists for its hot water springs.
Bridha Badri :
Also spelt Vridha Badhri, Bridha Badri means Old Badri. The place is situated at
a distance of 7 km from the pilgrimage town of Joshimath. Before the advent of
Shankaracharya, the idol of Badrinath was worshipped here for many centuries.
Owing to its long age, the idol enshrined here is known as Vridha Badri or the
Adi Badri :
The sacred site is located at a distance of 17 km from Karanprayag. At the
place, you will find a group of sixteen Gupta-period temples. Hindus believe
that these temples were founded by Adi Guru Shankaracharya. Visitors can easily
distinguish the main Narayan temple, as it is built on an elevated platform.
Village Mana - Vyas Gufa >>
This village, located at a distance of 3 kms from Badri
is the last Indian Village situated in the Indo-China
Border and has gained historical importance on account
of Vyas Caves. This village, located on the banks of
River Saraswati (only place where this river can be
seen) is very beautiful. Vyas Maharishi (Sage), author
of Mahabharat is believed to have lived in the caves.
These are named after him. It was in these caves, Vyas
Maharishi composed the Mahabharata. This was done at the
orders of his mentor Kalpatru Maharishi who appeared in
his dream. Mahabharata depicts the history of Pandavs,
Kauravs including Kurukshetra War and most importantly
Bhagawad Gita authored by Krishna (reincarnation of
Vishnu). Ganesh, the son of Shiv & Parvati, is said to
have helped Vyas Maharishi in putting this epic in the
written form, the beginning of education in written
form. In addition to Mahabharat, Vyas Maharishi composed
18 puranas (legendary stories), Brahma Sutras and
classified the Hindu Vedas into 4 parts – Rig, Yajur,
Sama and Atharva. It is only in this cave that Adi
Shankara is believed to have met Vyas Maharishi and
discussed his Bhashyam (explanatory notes) for Brahma
Rock formation inside the Vyas Gufa appears to resemble
the orderly stacking of palm leave manuscripts – oldest
writing material and is worshipped as Vyas Pusthak. Vyas
Maharishi is also considered, by some, as reincarnation
Another Cave called as Ganesh Guha (cave) is also
located in this village.
Valley of Flowers >>
One of the most idyllic valleys in the world, was
discoverd by Frank S. Smythe, in 1931. The valley is
profuse with a plethora of vibrant flowers, hence the
name. Nearby, flows the river Pushpavati, while the
massive Rataban peak forms a splendid backdrop.
Situated between Joshimath and Badrinath, Gobindghat is
the starting point for the trek to the valley.
Lok-Pal Hemkund >>
One of the most famous Gurudwaras in India, Hemkund
Sahib is located here, at an altitude of 4320 metres
above sea level. Nearby, is the Lok-Pal Hemkund lake,
with its crystal clear waters, and four peaks
Mata Murti Mandir >>
About 3 km from Badrinath, on the right bank of the
Alaknanda stands this temple, dedicated to the mother of
The first mutt established by Shri Adi Sankara, is
located at a distance of 14 kms from Helang enroute to
Badri. Adi Sankara is believed to have got enlightenment
here and authored Sri Sankara Bhashyam. This located at
a height of 6150 ft above sea level. Here, there are
separate temples for Lord Narasimha and Lord Vasudev
(different forms of Lord Vishnu). This is one of the 108
Divya Desams (sung by Sacred Vaishnavaite Saints).
In the temple for Lord Narasimha, separate statues of
Badri narayan, Uthavar, Kuber, Chandikadevi, Ram,
Lakshman, Sita and Garud can be seen together in the
sanctum sanctorum. Outside the temple separate statues
of Brahma, Krishana, Lakshmi & Anjaneya can be seen.
Vyas Maharishi is believed to have worshipped Goddess
Lakshmi here. The presiding deity Lord Narasimha is
believed to have been established by Adi Sankara. It is
widely believed that one hand of the presiding deity is
getting weakened and the day it disjoints, the way to
Badri will get eternally blocked and Lord Badri Narayan
will thereafter give darshan only from either Bhavishya
Badri or Adi Badri (part of Panch Badris).
The temple of Lord Vasudev houses Lord Vasudev in the
sanctum sanctorum as well as Sridevi, Bhoodevi, Leela
devi, Oorvasi devi & Balram in the outer praharam.
Further separate structures are available for Vinayaka,
Brahma, Indira, Chandran(Moon), Navadurgas & Gauri
This place is believed to have been established by King
Pandu, father of Pandavas. It is situated at 4kms from
Govind Ghat, 219 kms from Kedarnath and 24 kms from
Badrinath. There are two temples – one for Lord
Yogabadri Narayan and the other for Lord Vasudev. During
winter, Lord Vasudev temple will function as the abode
for Lord Badri Narayan and all the daily rituals
connected with worship are performed here. Both the
temples are quite old.
The temple remains closed from October to April due to
severe winter conditions. During this period the idols
of Utsavo murti are taken to Pandukeshwar.
Best Time To Visit :
Ideal time for visiting the shrine will be between May
to November. One should,carry Sweaters, woolen clothing,
Umbrella and required medicines during the trip. Minimum
luggage should be preferred. Non-vegetarian food and
alcoholic drinks are strictly prohibited in this place.
Distance from the Major Cities